Bonga is a small city and the administrative center of Kafa Zone (and its 1 million people) in southwestern Ethiopia. According to the WHO, Ethiopia has fewer human resources for health services than average for Africa,and Bonga is no exception. It is plagued with subacute diseases like tuberculosis and malnutrition, and witnesses many deaths to preventable diseases such as pneumonia, diarrhea, and problems in childbirth. To combat these problems, Kafa Zone has almost no doctors, and relies heavily on less-trained midwives and health officers. The Peace Care model will enable Northwestern University to partner with the Bonga community to help it better address its health care needs.
- Cultivate grass roots global health solutions by creating enduring links between communities of need and entities of resource
- Perform a community-directed medical training intervention and collect data using a community-based participatory research framework
- Further inform and develop the Peace Care model that was first tested in Senegal
- Develop and retain the local health care workforce, enhance quality of care and improve health outcomes and service delivery.
- Foster global health education
Peace Care Ethiopia Project Plan
Peace Care Ethiopia is a second pilot project for the organization Peace Care in collaboration with the Bonga community, Northwestern University, and Peace Corps Ethiopia. The partners’ roles, the timeline, and the planned phases for the initial intervention are described below. The model is intended to continue for several years and include multiple interventions and ongoing support of the community by the university and Peace Corps.
Community partners in Bonga will be actively engaged as members of the collaborative and research team throughout the research process. A local Community Advisory Board guides consideration of all components of the project. Northwestern University will manage this project from the perspective of university contribution. In doing so, NU will actively engage all investigators, key personnel, and collaborators on a regular basis while placing the community’s needs in the forefront.Peace Corps will offer support in the field through information gathering, relaying of information, community organizing, conference planning and organization, data gathering, translation, reinforcement and oversight of implemented systems components, and cultural orientation and guidance.Peace Care will act as a consulting body for expert guidance concerning health interventions in low resource settings.
|Northwestern University||Peace Corps Ethiopia||Peace Care|
|Jeffrey Panzer, MDCarolyn Baer, MPHJuliet Sorenson, JDKaty Wright, MPH||Dan Baker, Acting Country DirectorMichael Waidmann, PCVChuck Adams, PCVLaura Harrington, PCVRaymael Blackwell, PCV leader||Andrew Dykens, MD, MPHLaura Sadowski, MD, MPH|
|Phase 1||Partnership Formation||3-6 months||August 2011 – February 2012|
|Phase 2||Assessment||3-5 months||March 2012 – April 2012|
|Phase 3||Project Development||3-4 months||May – September 2012|
|Phase 4||Project Implementation||1 month||October 2012|
|Phase 5||Evaluation||6-9 months||October 2012 – March 2013|
|Phase 6||Dissemination||ongoing||Began March 2013|
Phase 1: Partnership Formation
- representatives from the Northwestern team made an initial site visit (September 2011). During this visit, the NU team met with Peace Corps, Bonga hospital staff and community leaders, and the minister of health of Ethiopia.
- an initial Institutional Review Board (IRB) process at Northwestern is initiated.
Phase 2: Assessment
- A general community health assessment is conducted using focus groups and key informant interviews. Data is evaluated and discussed by the community advisory panel, Peace Care, and Northwestern, and the primary issues are identified.
- The primary issue identified was maternal health.
Phase 3: Intervention Development
- A literature review and synthesis of the evidence is conducted to identify the health intervention. All partners adapt the designed intervention to the local milieu. The intervention is directed at the level of health care practitioners based at health centers or district hospitals.
- The community advisory panel and PCVs provide guidance concerning cultural norms, realities on the ground, logistical concerns, and priority areas.
- specific outcomes data will be defined for future collection
- The ALSO© (Advanced Life Savings in Obstetrics) course has been chosen as the training intervention. It is a short-term (2-3 day) course in emergency obstetrics that uses the train-the-trainers model, and has been validated in multiple countries including other developing countries.
Phase 4: Project Implementation
- Health Service Capacity Building: the university team conducts train-the-trainer courses by a well-developed curriculum. The newly-certified trainers then train others with support from the visiting team.
- Sustainability Component: Local trainers and health officials develop guidelines and infrastructure. Trainings continue after departure of the university team.
- Global Health Education: U.S. trainees learn about global health disparities, community based research, and low income country clinical practice.
Phase 5: Evaluation
- Process Evaluation: Each phase is critically evaluated by all stakeholders involved through focus groups and key informant interviews.
- Outcomes Evaluation: We collect baseline data and develop interventions that are well incorporated into the established health system, so that we may reliably and precisely measure our impact.
Phase 6: Dissemination
- The investigative team disseminates project outcomes to other communities within Ethiopia and to other countries to replicate best practices for development of health service infrastructure.